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What is Cholecystectomy?
Cholecystectomy is a surgical procedure that is done to remove your gallbladder. The gallbladder is a small pear-shaped organ and is located below your liver in the upper right side of your abdomen. Its function is to collect and store bile which is a digestive fluid produced by the liver.
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Frequently Asked Questions
Gallstones are diagnosed with the help of:
● Blood tests. A complete blood count (CBC) will help in detecting infections and other complications caused by gallstones.
● Abdominal ultrasound. It uses high-frequency sound waves to visualize the gallbladder and the bile ducts.
● Imaging techniques. Imaging tests such as computerized tomography (CT), magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) are used in the diagnosis of gallstones.
You are at a higher risk of developing gallstones if you are:
● Fat (overweight)
● Fertile (in your reproductive years)
● A female (female sex)
● Forty (you are ≥ 40 years)
The following ways will help you prevent gallstones:
● Maintain a healthy weight. Being overweight increases your risk of developing gallstones. By having a healthy diet and with regular physical activity, you can maintain a healthy weight.
● Have a high fibre diet. Including more fibre-rich food in your diet will help reduce the risk of developing gallstones. It includes foods such as fresh fruits, vegetables and whole grains.
Cholecystectomy is usually performed by general surgeons or gastrointestinal surgeons.
Yes! You can lead a normal and healthy life after the removal of the gallbladder. After your surgery, your nutritionist/dietician will provide you with a diet plan that will help you maintain a healthy weight and avoid other complications.
After the surgery you should contact your doctor immediately if you experience the following:
● High fever and chills
● Continuous vomiting
● Cramps or severe pain in the abdomen
● Difficulty in passing stools for more than 3 days
● Bleeding, swelling, redness, or foul smell at the incision site
Untreated gallstones can lead to inflammation or infection of the gallbladder, blockage of the bile and pancreatic ducts and in rare cases, it can even cause gallbladder cancer. These complications can lead to symptoms such as:
● Sudden intense pain on the right side of the abdomen
● Pain that spreads to your right shoulder or back
● Nausea and vomiting
● Abdominal bloating
● Yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice)